On November 27, the 7th China (Changzhou Jintan) battery new energy industry International Summit Forum (ABEC 2019) was opened. More than 800 representatives from all walks of life from "politics, production, learning, research, finance, service and use" of the global battery new energy industry chain and nearly 100 mainstream media reporters attended the forum. Under the era of post subsidy, the high-quality development road of the new energy battery industry was discussed.
In 2019, the growth momentum of the global economy is weakening, and the pattern of the international energy market is undergoing profound changes. The transformation to "green" has become the main driving force of the energy revolution. At the same time, the global automobile industry is also facing great changes that have not been seen in a century. The downward pressure of the industry is obvious. With the reform of the automobile industry, the new energy battery industry is facing major opportunities and challenges.
On November 27, ABEC 2019 │ the 7th China (Changzhou Jintan) battery new energy industry international summit forum was solemnly opened. This forum was hosted by ABEC (battery "Davos") organizing committee, Zhongguancun new battery technology innovation alliance and battery 100 people's Association, and co organized by Jintan Economic Development Zone Management Committee of Jiangsu Province and beehive Energy Technology Co., Ltd. more than 800 people came from global battery new energy Representatives from all walks of life of "politics, industry, education, research, finance, service and use" of the source industry chain and nearly 100 mainstream media reporters attended the meeting to discuss the high-quality development path of the new energy battery industry in the era of post subsidy.
Technology iteration: from price war to value war
Since its birth in 1970, lithium battery has developed into a dominant battery technology in the past 50 years. Not long ago, the 2019 Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to John goodinaf of the University of Texas at Austin, Stanley Whittingham of the State University of New York at Bingham, and Yoshino Chang of Asahi Chemical Co., Ltd. of Japan for their outstanding contributions to the research and development of lithium-ion batteries.
On the opening day of the ABEC 2019 forum, Stanley Whittingham, as the honorary chairman of the forum, also delivered a video speech at the conference: "this year's Nobel Prize is not only for me and my colleagues, but also for all colleagues. It has been a long and great process for human beings to study lithium battery since 50 years ago. Now we have achieved good results. We should take advantage of this opportunity to promote a cleaner and more sustainable world. At the same time, I wish this meeting a complete success. "
With the rapid commercialization of lithium battery technology, it is developing towards the balance of cost and performance. In addition to the upgrading of lithium battery technology, with the increasingly accelerated technology iteration, fuel cell, solid-state battery, graphene battery, air battery and other battery technology routes are all in bloom. Who will be the next generation of battery king?
According to Meiwu, a technical expert of state power investment group, more than 70% of China's crude oil is imported, and the proportion of imports is increasing year by year, which is expected to reach 80% in 2025. Therefore, in the future, it is necessary to build a new energy system to ensure national energy security and optimize the energy terminal system. In Mei Wu's view, energy is developed from high carbon, low carbon and zero carbon. The development of hydrogen energy is in line with the trend of energy development.
Wang Chaoyun, the founder and chairman of tomorrow Hydrogen Technology Co., Ltd., also said that in recent years, the global fuel cell shipment has increased significantly, which is expected to exceed 650MW this year; the domestic fuel cell vehicle output from January to October 2019 has reached 1391, an increase of 8.2 times over the same period of last year, and the total fuel cell shipment in 2019 is expected to reach 70mW. In terms of hydrogenation stations, up to now, 49 have been built nationwide, of which 18 have been newly added in the first 10 months of this year, more than in the whole year of 2018. It is estimated that there will be about 422 hydrogenation stations in the world this year.
Yu Huigen, general manager of Beijing Weilan New Energy Technology Co., Ltd., is more optimistic about solid-state batteries. He said that all solid-state lithium batteries are a strategy that takes into account high energy and high safety. Although there are still polymer composite solid-state electrolyte films that completely prevent lithium dendrite puncture in solid-state batteries, the interface resistance between solid-state electrolyte layer and electrode layer is large, and lithium deposition sites and morphology are not good Easy to control, high-speed and high-efficiency all solid-state battery manufacturing process and equipment are not mature, pure metal lithium electrode has large volume changes and other problems, but these problems are likely to find solutions within 3 years, realize small-scale test within 5 years, and enter large-scale application within 8 years.
"With the rapid development of commercialization of battery technology, new system battery, safety technology, fast charging technology, key materials, efficient integration, advanced algorithm, etc. have become the core focus." Yuan Chengyin, general manager of the national new energy vehicle technology innovation center, summed up that "in the future, new energy vehicles will be the mainstream, and electrification is the inevitable trend, but not only electrification represents new energy. In the next five to ten years, it may be a multi supply energy structure. Fuel cell, pure electric, hybrid, plug-in hybrid, will be a complete combination of new energy."
Policy continuity: promoting consumption is the main tone
In terms of policies, the huge scale of automobile consumption, the severe energy security situation and the huge pressure of environmental protection jointly determine that China must take the road of developing new energy vehicles, and at the same time, it is particularly necessary to promote through the integration of the whole industry by the government.
Since 2008, China has begun to provide support to automobile enterprises and consumers in terms of taxes, financial subsidies and other policies conducive to the development of new energy automobile industry, continuously deepen policies and make innovations, and build a top-down thinking incentive policy system.
This year marks the biggest decline in subsidies for new energy vehicles in China. The subsidy for state-owned vehicles has been reduced by more than 50%, while that for land-based vehicles has been reduced to zero one year in advance, and the subsidy has begun to decline